Behavior Categories

In order to develop the most effective interventions, music therapists categorize or prioritize behaviors during the assessment process. The categories below are one example of categories for challenging behaviors. 1. Dangerous Behaviors. Safety demands that we immediately address dangerous behaviors, those that have the potential for physical or emotional harm to the individual or to other people. 2. Disruptive Behaviors. Individuals who are defiant, uncooperative, angry, apathetic, obnoxious, critical, overly talkative, or otherwise disruptive in a group or individual session can stand in the way of effective music therapy. 3. Annoying behaviors. Some behaviors are irritating or socially inappropriate in the long run, but they do not specifically disrupt the therapeutic process. 4. Inherent Behaviors. Some behaviors are inherent to a specific diagnosis. 5. Age-appropriate behaviors. As odd as it seems, we should actually celebrate when some challenging behaviors emerge because they indicate that a person is in line with typical peers.